'Uranium Weapons - Does anyone care about our planet?'by AFRRI, bibliotecapleyades.net
by Peter Eyre
Middle East Consultant
from PalTelegraph Website
USA, July 29, 2009 (Pal Telegraph)
Our planet is truly a wonderful place but under the umbrella, that we call our atmosphere, lies a cocktail of uranium aerosols waiting to claim its next victim. Many countries donate to this contamination such as the US, UK, Israel, NATO member states, China and Russia etc Why would the:
...allow this to happen and why do they continue manufacturing and using weapons containing uranium?
The answer came from the Belgium Foreign Minister when he was asked if it was possible to prohibit DU, he replied,
The Belgian Parliament overturned the reluctance of the Foreign Minister and the Minister of Defense by voting unanimously to prohibit DU ammunition from the 20th of June 2009. One would never have imagined that Belgium, the heart of NATO, would have made such a bold move.
A conference took place in Sweden:
During an interview with John Pilger, Doug gave a summary of his work experience:
After the ground war he was tasked as a health physicist responsible for cleaning up the depleted uranium or uranium 238 contamination. Doug once stated that in regard to the uranium 238 contamination the only warning we had was a single letter that came from the Surgeon General's office in the United States army.
And that said,
He went on to say,
John Pilger asked him the following question during that interview: What do you estimate the effect on people living in that part of the world, living in southern Iraq?
John then asked the inevitable question:
Doug's final response revealed a rather grim outlook when he said:
Tedd Weyman, Deputy Director - Research Scientist at Uranium Medical Research Centre in Toronto, Canada and Field Team Leader for Afghanistan and Iraq. Tedd led teams into Afghanistan and Iraq to collect biological and environmental samples for laboratory study, to survey radioactivity levels and measure the scope of uranium weapons' contamination.
He interviews civilians to document health and conflict histories and cross reference with the laboratory studies of samples taken from bombsites, battlefields and wider-area environments of affected communities. Tedd's fieldwork has resulted in himself becoming contaminated by Depleted Uranium during his last field trip in Iraq.
On the 10th of August 2004, Tedd published a report Titled: The US and UK deploy new uranium weapons contaminating Iraq's environment, civilians and the Coalition's own troops.
As we have already found out from Doug Rokke his findings were equally as disturbing:
The isotope composition of Depleted Uranium found in civilians as well as in surface soils and water courses shows the weapons used in Iraq were manufactured from two and perhaps three different metallurgical sources (stockpiles of uranium metals). The soil and water samples indicate DU was deployed in both mechanized battlefields and urban neighborhoods where aerial bombing took place.
The purity and quantities (abundances) of the Depleted Uranium found in the samples of soils taken from US- and UK-led battlefields are some of the highest levels published since UMRC and others began independent investigations into the use of radioactive dispersion weapons in 1991 following Operation Desert Storm.
The abundances of uranium in water samples taken from a fresh water supply tank and from a run-off catch basin in Al Basra are much higher than published results for DU levels in water samples attributed to the by-products of uranium weapons in either the Balkans or Iraq.
Biological samples taken from Iraqi civilians present during the Shock and Awe bombing campaign against downtown Baghdad and its government and telecommunications facilities are positive for Depleted Uranium.
It is not possible to know the source of inner-city civilian contamination as virtually the entire city is contaminated. Unlike biological and environmental samples collected in Afghanistan, Operation Enduring Freedom, the team did not find deposits of Non Depleted Uranium.
A biological sample taken from one Al Basra citizen, who was exposed to the urban bombing campaign in that city, has an unusual composition of isotopes showing an enriched, as opposed to a depleted or natural, ratio of 235U/238U. The enriched uranium was found in a person exposed to and living adjacent to the same battlefield led by the British Desert Rats, south of Al Basra.
According to the DUOB (Depleted Uranium Oversight Board) of the UK Ministry of Defense, urine samples taken from members of the UK 1st Armoured Division that fought the approach to Al Basra and occupied the city are excreting non-depleted uranium several hundreds of times the British biological norm. Smaller total uranium levels positive for DU have also been identified by the MOD in the UK forces that served in the Az Zubair - Basra - Shat Al Arabi area.
The next question is what has all this got to do with Lebanon and Gaza? The answer is simple... both locations have succumbed to the same fate.
We have significant proof from the battle fields of the Balkans, Kuwait, Iraq and Afghanistan on the use of weapons containing uranium. In all cases test on victims and on recovered samples have confirmed either depleted uranium or traces of enriched uranium.
With this knowledge on hand samples have since been taken and received from Lebanon (2006) and Gaza 2008/9.
The samples have both been tested at the famous British Harwell Laboratory revealing not only DU but also traces of enriched Uranium, indicating the possible use of fourth generation weaponry. It is interesting to note that similar findings have been made in both Iraq and Afghanistan.
As we have seen the health impact on military forces and innocent civilians remains the same in all of the above theatres of war and in that context we can expect the same trend in Lebanon and Gaza. Based on the fact that DU aerosols do not respect international border one can also assume this problem has extended across the borders to Syria, Israel, West Bank, Jordan, Egypt, the entire Middle East and beyond.
In order to better understand the seriousness of using uranium based weapons we must first appreciate the fact that its usage has been alarmingly excessive.
We have to learn to identify the appearance and structure of such explosions compared to conventional weapon, how these toxic aerosols move around the globe, how they have the ability to travel long distances (sometimes return to their point of origin before moving on) and finally the health hazards associated with these terrible weapons. Because of the complexity of all the above factors I intend to print these articles in parts (this being Part 1).
First we must look at some photographic evidence of past and current weapons that contain uranium. These photographs have been analyzed by an expert to confirm their authenticity.
I have given three examples one in Lebanon and two in Gaza, the latter in actual fact was a multiple weapons attack.
This attack was carried out in Beirut which is densely populated.
If one can imagine that with a sea breeze it spreads over a large area of the city and beyond. Once it gets into the upper atmosphere it diverts off in all directions, sometimes as very high speed. Extensive bombing also took place at Khiam very close to the Israeli border and the contamination from these explosions extended over the entire Northern Israel region within one hour.
This was followed by rain which caused the DU aerosol to return to earth and contaminate the land, crops and water supply.
This particular cluster of 4 bombs shows two bombs exploding on initial impact and two more in transit. If you look to the right of the picture you can see the distant devastation.
On analyzing the sea conditions the sea breeze was strong and the fact that the photographer was standing on the Israeli border would mean that the contamination from these series of bombs would cross the border into Israel within minutes.
This would then contaminate Central & Southern Israel.
I have also included this night time photograph of a DU explosion in Gaza which shows the typical sparkling effect.
DU is pyrophoric and ignites spontaneously.
To conclude this first part I thought it would be relevant to publish some information from European experts. The use of Depleted Uranium (DU) was condemned in 2000 by experts from Germany namely Prof. Dr. Albrecht Schott and Prof. Dr Siegwart Horst Gunther.
In their submission to prohibit DU they stated - Given the known chemical and radiological toxicity of depleted uranium and its compounds causes damage to humans, animals and the ecological cycle, of which there is conclusive evidence we demand that the military and civilian use of depleted uranium (DU) be banned.
Legal references were made in this submission as follows:
The deployment and use of DU violate the principles of international environmental and human rights protection. They contradict the right to life established by the Resolution 1996/16 of the UN Subcommittee on Human Rights.
We demand the following individual points:
US Expert Leuren Moret in her article:
In 2002 British expert Dr Chris Busy PhD produced a report: Review of the Home Office statement on the health consequences of exposure to depleted uranium in Kosovo.
Dr Busby was critical of the Home Office in regard to their comments:
In his response he stated:
Many experts throughout the world agree with Dr Busy and believe that the current model used by the nuclear industry and the military is outdated and is not suitable for testing victims that have been exposed to low level radiation (LLR) such as DU.
The ICRP90 model draws comparison on the effects of high level doses of radiation on victims from the A bomb attacks in Japan during WW2.
Many experts have challenged this method by saying that this model averaged out radiation of the whole body or organ. These survivors had been irradiated with an acute, large, external dose in which the effects were uniform over the whole body. It is evident that LLR (such as DU) that has been absorbed, ingested and more importantly inhaled has become a major threat to human health and therefore the above model is unacceptable
Dr Busby reported:
Dr Busby reflected on his own experience in his report:
His report also revealed some interesting observations:
It was further on in his report that he made the following conclusion:
Was this material ending up inside the people who live nearby?
To make this question more immediate, I could bring my radioactive DU particle to where you sit reading this report and blow it at you. Would you take the position of the DoD and the other learned bodies that there was no danger, or would you dive for cover, holding your breath? When I visited Iraq and Kosovo, I wore full respiratory protection and so did the TV camera crews who accompanied me.
On the issues of respiratory protection it was interesting to read a letter sent from Leuren Moret to Congressman Mc Dermott on the 21st of February 2003 which touched on the subject of current respiratory masks. It revealed that aerosol particles in the 0 .1 micron range would pass through the filter. Leuren letter also contained some other interesting information
It must be clearly understand that back in 1943 nuclear experts were discussing the advantages of using fine dust as a weapon.
One such document was issued on the 30th of October 1943 which quoted:
This same document contained information as follows:
This document gave the background to today's weapons that are not only highly effective in there ability to penetration deep into the target but also the pyrophoric qualities of this product allows it to ignite spontaneously and create a huge cloud of fine DU dust that becomes a lethal airborne aerosol.
Part of an attachment in Leuren Moret's letter to Congressman Mc Dermott
For almost 40 years we have all been let down a path of total deception by the:
This deception later extended to the US Institute of Medicine, UN (especially the UNEP), WHO, NATO and their respective Governments and many other institutions that all failed in their duty of care for our planet and its inhabitants.
An example of the type of control/pressure that was applied to such people as Dr Doug Rokke is revealed in the contents of a letter, referred to as the famous Los Alamos memorandum, its wording are very clear,
[That's] a direct order.
It was also interesting at this time that Doug received another order from the Defense Nuclear Agency*, written by Col. Gregory Lyle.
And Greg Lyle said,
Col. Lyle, at that time, worked for Col. Yasaf Durokovic.
Now, you people who hear about Yasaf Durokovich, a doctor, uranium medical research program. But they failed to tell you that he was the U.S. Army's top doctor in this stuff until he blew the whistle. You have to understand, he was the army's expert-a physician, a Ph.D. M.D. physician-until he blew the whistle.
We must all understand that although the issue of DU only surfaced as a result of the accident in Camp Doha, Kuwait on the 11th July 1991, its usage was tested in the Gulf during the War in Kuwait which started on the 2nd August 1990 and finished on the 28th February 1991.
The preparation and stockpiling of these weapons were already underway in readiness for a planned attack on Iraq. As we know by now this was delayed as the US could not justify or find an excuse to attack Iraq at the time. The final answer came with 9/11 and the concoction of the WMD stories etc.
The War in the Balkans involved US, UK and other NATO forces and resulted in the extensive use of DU weaponry during the period 22nd March 1999 and 10th June 1999.
The contamination of the Middle East started back in 1973. It was during the conflict between Israel and Egypt that DU was first put to the test. Israel was provided with DU weaponry by the US, who assisted them throughout the campaign (as this technology was unknown to them). This "gift" by the US to the Middle East has been in continuous use by the IDF since that time and was used in both Lebanon and Gaza.
My next report will cover and analyze the likely area of direct contamination as a result of using DU in Lebanon and Gaza. It will map out the extent and range of the contamination by using the US NOAA HYSPLIT Model.
I will also create my own purpose built map of Europe and the Middle East showing how the DU aerosols from Lebanon and Gaza enter the atmosphere at various levels and follow them on their journey around the globe.
USA, August 1, 2009 (Pal Telepgraph)
To most people WMD means Weapons of Mass Destruction but there is another meaning which is Weapons of Mass Deception that has been employed to cover up the horrors created by uranium based weapons.
Many organizations must be held responsible for allowing this deception to continue for decades namely,
...all of whom have covered up and caused the suffering of thousands of military personnel and millions of innocent civilian populations around the world.
The truth behind this mass slow genocide has never been covered by the media thus allowing it to expand and continue out of control. It is obvious that this deception is part of a bigger picture involving the highest level of economic greed and to seize control of the world's natural resources.
It is imperative that we fully understand the implications relating to the unchecked usage of uranium products in its many forms. Do we really fully understand the extreme danger to human health if uranium is continued to be used in the manner the scientists and inventors want it to be used.
A study by three leading radiation scientists cautioned that children and adults could contract cancer after breathing in dust containing DU, which is radioactive and chemically toxic. But it was blocked from publication by the World Health Organization (WHO), who employed the main author, Dr Keith Baverstock, as a senior radiation advisor. He alleges that it was deliberately suppressed, though this is denied by WHO.
Albert Einstein once quoted:
It was interesting to note that the UNEP/81 report (16/01/01) confirmed that Uranium 236 had been found in DU Penetrators.
The WHO also gave reference to this problem in their Report of the World Health Organization Depleted Uranium Mission to Kosovo (22nd - 31st January 2001) when they reported that in addition to U235, U234 and U238, the mission was confronted with questions on the presence of plutonium or other radioactive chemicals in the munitions.
KFOR informed the mission that it did not exclude the possibility that traces of plutonium could be present in depleted uranium. Other laboratories have also revealed similar finds giving reference to enriched uranium possibly indicating a new type of 4th Generation Weapon.
It is quite obvious that Depleted Uranium is only the tip of the iceberg and much more sinister weapons are in the making, hence the term "Dirty Missiles, Dirty Bombs, Dirty Shells and Dirty Bullets".
What was so ironic was the fact that in this WHO report it stated,
This same scenario has been repeated in other research laboratories, indicating that such weapons also contain Recycled Uranium
Let's now look at the many uses of Uranium based materials in the military sense and also in its application or possible application in the commercial world. We must also be cautious and understand that Enriched, Depleted and Recycled Uranium play a major role in all sectors. This mass deception makes us believe that such products are essential in our everyday lives when in actual fact the only application that is acceptable (if I dare say) is in the field of medicine.
The entire lists of products are not available but the variety and usage demonstrates what can be achieved by recycling nuclear waste.
One such company called Manufacturing Sciences Corporation (MSC) based in Oak Ridge, Tennessee show the following photograph on their webpage highlighting the broad range of so called Depleted Uranium items.
The complete range and its usage are beyond imagination when one considers that this is a very toxic waste product from the Nuclear Industry that can now enter our environment in so many forms.
MSC explain that they have converted approximately 6 million pounds of depleted uranium (DU) into more than 70,000 useful products. They say they have the unique capability to take the customers unwanted DU, and by utilizing our DU experience and specialized facilities, can recycle the DU into useful products. One could ask the question what constitutes a useful product.
Kinetic energy penetrators (as used in many weapons) are made of DU because of its high density, fabricability, pyrophoricity, availability and low cost (Toxic nuclear waste) compared to other heavy metals.
Shape Charge Liners and Explosively Formed Penetrators Lenses: Depleted uranium SCLs and EFP lenses are under investigation as a material for warhead applications in missiles, ammunition and sub munitions. The U.S. Army has revealed that depleted uranium is used as amour protection in the Abrams main battle tank. This is also used by other nations with the same application.
We know that DU penetrators have and are still part of the arms arsenal and there is even a suggestion that enriched penetrators have been used. This now brings us to the use of Shape Charge Liners that are made from DU. Shaped charges increase the power by focusing explosives in one direction e.g. by containing them with a conical liner. A wide variety of guided weapons use "shaped charge" technology.
These range from Maverick and Hellfire missiles to torpedoes, sub-munitions in cluster bombs and the first stage of BROACH-MWS (British Royal Augmentation Charge - Multiple Warhead System) warheads. Hellfire missiles have been used extensively in Iraq, Afghanistan, Lebanon, Gaza and now Pakistan.
Tungsten is not only expensive; it also has a very high melting point (3422° C).
DU liners are inexpensive compared to Tungsten as the Nuclear Industry almost gives it away. It melting point is perfectly suitable for the task required (170° C) The quantity of DU involved may range from a few kilograms up to 250 kg in larger warheads as was the case in the Broach MWS warhead.
In the medical fields, depleted uranium has been used for biomedical isotope shields, calorimeters and radiographic cameras.
MSC go on to say another application for depleted uranium is as a counterweight. Currently, depleted uranium is used as a counterweight in both commercial and military aircraft. Because of its density, 18.95 gm/cc, depleted uranium can supply a significant mass in a small area. Counterweights can be moved to compensate for fuel consumption or shifting cargo loads.
Depleted uranium is currently being investigated as a replacement for lead in elevator counterweights, fork truck counterbalances, and crane counterweights. Because of the density of depleted uranium, the appropriate mass takes up significantly less space allowing for either a more compact design or room for additional components.
If one looks at the Hazard Brief for Cameco - Port Hope, Ontario, Canada (Facilities for Reconversion to Uranium Metal), the instructions for dealing with uranium metals in stated very clearly:
Uranium is pyrophoric and starts to burn in the air at between 150c-170c. It ignites in oxygen at 170c. The brief goes on to say that dust inhalation can result in radiation dose to lungs. Kidney damage can occur due to chemical toxicity. Skin contact can result in Low Lever Radiation (LLR) dose from continued exposure. Ingestion can result in radiation dose and kidney damage can occur due to chemical toxicity.
The UNEP, WHO and others say that LLR is safe!
It would now be appropriate to analyze "Weapons of Mass Deception" in order to see what lies behind this major cover up.
At we have seen time and time again many authorities such as,
...continue to use the outdated ICRP Model.
This single mistake has played a major role in the wrong assessment of the many thousands of victims.
We have seen the denial by Governments and their respective military units on their use of DU weapons. We have seen how those in senior positions have attempted to manipulate the outcome of a particular test or enquiry. We have seen vital evidence withheld or hidden from public viewing and finally we have seen the cruelty handed out to those experts and whistleblower that exposed the truth, some of whom have paid the ultimate price.
Finally I can reveal the outcome of a very important conference that took place in Greece on the 6th of May 2009: the European Committee on Radiation Risk Conference held in Molyvos, Lesvos, Greece. The report is not only very critical but also shows that existing methods are clearly outdated.
Paragraph I. is of particular interest when it states,
The report is signed by 16 world experts and is a clear warning to us all.
In closing Part 2 'Uranium Weapons - Does anyone care about our planet?', I would like to make the following statement:
Bless you all.
London, August 9, 2009, (Pal Telegraph)
In previous reports I have explained the dangers associated with weapons containing uranium. This can be used in many ways, as a penetrator rod, a Shaped Charged Liner or as a counterweight etc. Whatever the application we know that DU will ignite at 170°C.
On behalf of the U.S. Army, Major Doug Rokke led a 434 man depleted uranium clean up team in the first Gulf War. In 1994, he was appointed as depleted uranium project director for the U.S. Army. Despite his warnings of the dangers of DU exposure, both the U.S. army and coalition forces continue to use DU munitions with catastrophic effects on their own troops.
Before going into how the DU contamination spreads around the globe lets again look at what exactly happens when a DU weapon makes contact with its target.
Doug Rokke explains:
When that 10 pound uranium dart strikes wood, metal, steel, iron, or anything - this thing is already on fire in flight.
The uranium is pyrophoric and very soft. Uranium is not hard. It's soft. But the density is unbelievable. Extremely heavy per unit volume. So, you got this uranium dart, that basically three-quarters of an inch in diameter, 18 inches long, moving at better than 3000 feet per second. And when strikes, you have what we call, spalling is formed.
About 40 to 50 percent of the dart breaks off and forms spalling [a shotgun effect]. The spalling is uranium fragments. Some of the stuff catches fire. And some of the stuff is just solid uranium. And what you see inside is if I took a handful of BB's and through it across this room, extremely high velocity, everything is on fire and fragments. You have secondary detonations due to concussion and ignition beyond comprehension.
And the whole thing is a catastrophic explosion (approximately 50 to 70% of the penetrator is burned and forms particles 0.1 micron or smaller).
Leuren Moret is a geoscientist who worked almost around the clock educating citizens, the media, members of parliaments and Congress and other officials on radiation issues. She became a whistleblower in 1991 at the Livermore Nuclear Weapons Lab after witnessing fraud on the Yucca Mountain Project.
Leuren explained how these minute particles (nano-particles) form and disperse into the world's atmosphere.
Leuren explains th